Sri Mukunda datta tirobhava tithi [disappearance day]
yāṅhāra kīrtane nāce caitanya-gosāñi
śrī-mukunda-datta—of the name Śrī Mukunda Datta; śākhā—another branch; prabhura—of Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; samādhyāyī—class friend; yāṅhāra—whose; kīrtane—in saṅkīrtana; nāce—dances; caitanya-gosāñi—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.
Mukunda Datta, a class friend of Lord Caitanya’s, was another branch of the Caitanya tree. Lord Caitanya danced while he sang.
Śrī Mukunda Datta was born in the Caṭṭagrāma district, in the village of Chanharā, which is under the jurisdiction of the police station named Paṭiyā. This village is situated ten krośas, or about twenty miles, from the home of Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi. In the Gaura-gaṇoddeśa-dīpikā (140) it is said:
vraje sthitau gāyakau yau
“In Vraja there were two very nice singers named Madhukaṇṭha and Madhuvrata. They appeared in caitanya-līlā as Mukunda and Vāsudeva Datta, who were singers in the society of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu.” When Lord Caitanya was a student, Mukunda Datta was His class friend, and they frequently engaged in logical arguments. Sometimes Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu would fight with Mukunda Datta, using tricks of logic. This is described in the Caitanya-bhāgavata, Ādi-līlā, Chapters Eleven and Twelve. When Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu returned from Gayā, Mukunda Datta gave Him pleasure by reciting verses from Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam about kṛṣṇa-līlā. It was by his endeavor that Gadādhara Paṇḍita Gosvāmī became a disciple of Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi, as stated in Śrī Caitanya-bhāgavata, Madhya-līlā, Chapter Seven. When Mukunda Datta sang in the courtyard of Śrīvāsa Prabhu, Mahāprabhu danced with His singing, and when Lord Caitanya for twenty-one hours exhibited an ecstatic manifestation known as sāta-prahariyā, Mukunda Datta inaugurated the function by singing.
Sometimes Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu chastised Mukunda Datta by calling him khaḍajāṭhiyā beṭā because he attended many functions held by different classes of nondevotees. This is stated in the Caitanya-bhāgavata, Madhya-līlā, Chapter Ten. When Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu dressed Himself as the goddess of fortune to dance in the house of Candraśekhara, Mukunda Datta began the first song.
Before disclosing His desire to take the renounced order of life, Lord Caitanya first went to the house of Mukunda Datta, but at that time Mukunda Datta requested Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu to continue His saṅkīrtana movement for a few days more before taking sannyāsa. This is stated in Caitanya-bhāgavata, Madhya-līlā Chapter Twenty-six. The information of Lord Caitanya’s accepting the renounced order was made known to Gadādhara Paṇḍita, Candraśekhara Ācārya and Mukunda Datta by Nityānanda Prabhu, and therefore all of them went to Katwa and arranged for kīrtana and all the paraphernalia for Lord Caitanya’s acceptance of sannyāsa. After the Lord took sannyāsa, they all followed Him, especially Śrī Nityānanda Prabhu, Gadādhara Prabhu and Govinda, who followed Him all the way to Puruṣottama-kṣetra. In this connection one may refer to Śrī Caitanya-bhāgavata, Antya-līlā, Chapter Two. In the place known as Jaleśvara, Nityānanda Prabhu broke the sannyāsa rod of Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Mukunda Datta was also present at that time. He went every year from Bengal to see Lord Caitanya at Jagannātha Purī.
Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 10: The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the Caitanya Tree : Adi 10.40
mukunda-dattere kaila daṇḍa-parasāda
khaṇḍila tāhāra cittera saba avasāda
mukunda-dattere—unto Mukunda Datta; kaila—did; daṇḍa—punishment; parasāda—benediction; khaṇḍila—vanquished; tāhāra—his; cittera—of the mind; saba—all kinds of; avasāda—depressions.
Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu blessed Mukunda Datta with punishment and in that way vanquished all his mental depression.
Mukunda Datta was once forbidden to enter the association of Śri Caitanya Mahāprabhu because of his mixing with the Māyāvādī impersonalists. When Lord Caitanya manifested His mahā-prakāśa, He called all the devotees one after another and blessed them, while Mukunda Datta stood outside the door. The devotees informed the Lord that Mukunda Datta was waiting outside, but the Lord replied, “I shall not soon be pleased with Mukunda Datta, for he explains devotional service among devotees, but then he goes to Māyāvādīs to hear from them the Yoga-vāśiṣṭha-rāmāyaṇa, which is full of Māyāvāda philosophy. For this I am greatly displeased with him.” Hearing the Lord speak in that way, Mukunda Datta, standing outside, was exceedingly glad that the Lord would at some time be pleased with him, although He was not pleased at that moment. But when the Lord understood that Mukunda Datta was going to give up the association of the Māyāvādīs for good, He was pleased, and He at once called to see Mukunda. Thus He delivered him from the association of the Māyāvādīs and gave him the association of pure devotees.Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 17: The Pastimes of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu in His Youth : Adi 17.65 :
saṅge nityānanda, candraśekhara ācārya
mukunda-datta,–ei tina kaila sarva kārya
saṅge—in His company; nityānanda—Nityānanda Prabhu; candraśekhara ācārya—Candraśekhara Ācārya; mukunda-datta—Mukunda Datta; ei tina—these three; kaila—performed; sarva—all; kārya—necessary activities.
When Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu accepted sannyāsa, three personalities were with Him to perform all the necessary activities. They were Nityānanda Prabhu, Candraśekhara Ācārya and Mukunda Datta.
Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 17: The Pastimes of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu in His Youth : Adi 17.273
mukunda datta kahe,–prabhu, tumi yāha āge
āmi-saba pāche yāba, nā yāba tomāra saṅge
mukunda datta kahe—the devotee named Mukunda Datta said; prabhu—my Lord; tumi—You; yāha—go; āge—in front; āmi-saba—all of us; pāche—behind; yāba—shall go; nā—not; yāba—shall go; tomāra saṅge—with You.
Mukunda Datta told Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, “My Lord, You should go ahead and allow all the others to follow. We shall not go with You.”
Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 5: The Activities of Saksi-gopala : Madhya 5.155 :
mukunda tāṅhāre dekhi’ kaila namaskāra
teṅho āliṅgiyā puche prabhura samācāra
mukunda—Mukunda Datta; tāṅhāre—him; dekhi’-seeing; kaila—offered; namaskāra—obeisances; teṅho—he; āliṅgiyā—embracing; puche—inquires; prabhura—of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu; samācāra—news.
Mukunda Datta offered obeisances unto Gopīnātha Ācārya upon meeting him. Then the Ācārya embraced Mukunda Datta and inquired about news of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya : Madhya 6.20
mukunda kahe,–prabhura ihāṅ haila āgamane
āmi-saba āsiyāchi mahāprabhura sane
mukunda kahe—Mukunda replies; prabhura—of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu; ihāṅ—here; haila—there was; āgamane—coming; āmi-saba—all of us; āsiyāchi—have come; mahāprabhura—Caitanya Mahāprabhu; sane—with.
Mukunda Datta replied, “The Lord has already arrived here. We have come with Him. Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya : Madhya 6.21 :
mukunda kahe,–‘mahāprabhu sannyāsa kariyā
nīlācale āilā saṅge āmā-sabā lañā
mukunda kahe—Mukunda Datta replies; mahāprabhu—Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; sannyāsa kariyā—after accepting the renounced order of life; nīlācale—to Jagannātha Purī; āilā—has come; saṅge—with Him; āmā-sabā—all of us; lañā—taking.
Mukunda Datta continued, “After accepting the sannyāsa order, Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu has come to Jagannātha Purī and has brought all of us with Him. Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya : Madhya 6.23 :
kahena yadi, punarapi yoga-paṭṭa diyā
saṁskāra kariye uttama-sampradāye āniyā’
kahena—says; yadi—if; punarapi—again; yoga-paṭṭa diyā—offering Him saffron cloth; saṁskāra—reformatory process; kariye—I perform; uttama—first-class; sampradāye—to the community; āniyā—bringing.
Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya then suggested, “If Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu would like, I could bring Him into a first-class sampradāya by offering Him saffron cloth and performing the reformatory process again.”
The Bhaṭṭācārya wanted to reinstate Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu into the Sarasvatī sampradāya because he did not like the Lord’s belonging to the Bhāratī sampradāya or Purī sampradāya. Actually, he did not know the position of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu. As the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Caitanya Mahāprabhu did not depend on an inferior or superior sampradāya. The Supreme Personality of Godhead remains in the supreme position in all circumstances.
Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya : Madhya 6.76 :
śuni’ gopīnātha-mukunda duṅhe duḥkhā hailā
gopīnāthācārya kichu kahite lāgilā
śuni’-hearing; gopīnātha-mukunda—Gopīnātha Ācārya and Mukunda Datta; duṅhe—both; duḥkhā—unhappy; hailā—became; gopīnātha-ācārya—of the name Gopīnātha Ācārya; kichu—something; kahite—to speak; lāgilā—began.
Gopīnātha Ācārya and Mukunda Datta became very unhappy when they heard this. Gopīnātha Ācārya therefore addressed Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya as follows. Sri Caitanya-caritamrta – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya : Madhya 6.77
bhaṭṭācārya’ tumi iṅhāra nā jāna mahimā
bhagavattā-lakṣaṇera iṅhātei sīmā